The modern garden in Spain (1926-1980)

Information about the Thesis

  • Author: Hernández Lamas, Patricia
  • Date: 2017
  • Director: Aníbarro Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel; Sanz Hernando, Alberto
  • University: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
  • School or Faculty: ETSA Madrid
  • Department: Departamento de Composiciíon Arquitectónica
  • Source: Archivo digital UPM

Abstract

Until recently, the 20th Century was shown in gardening historiography mainly as a void, with the odd exception made for icons such as Barragán and Burle Marx, and the very existence of a garden linked to Modern architecture was mostly negated. This situation was especially harsh regarding 20th Century Spanish gardening, which has neither ever been studied from an analytical point of view, nor geographically, stylistically or culturally classified. Although some specific cases, especially those of the first third of the century, boast an ample bibliography, for a large number of them (including works by landscapers, gardeners, nurserymen and architects as significant as García Mercadal, Zuazo, Sert, Moreno Barberá, Fisac, etc.) and for a collective understanding of them there is a marked lack thereof.

If the garden is to be understood as an architectural type, one may justly assert that Spanish gardens of the 20th Century, whether as a whole or specifically regarding any of their foremost examples, have not as yet been assessed form an architectural point of view, maybe due to their being perceived as secondary to the building itself. A work such as the one being undertaken here, that is, one which comprehends a study of layouts, of spatial and volumetric organizations, of the correspondence between form and function, of the relationship between the garden and its surroundings, and of theoretical constructs and their influence on actual works, is yet to be undertaken systematically regarding the Spanish case.

With this study some conclusions are obtained about the evolutionary lines of the Spanish garden throughout the century, its formal trends, its evolutionary periods and the variation of the uses, comparing the Spanish panorama with the European and international one. It focuses on the period of the Modern Movement, which study has always been given importance to buildings, without deepening the garden; In this way it is intended to complete the panorama of the 20th century architecture.

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